Colt 1873 Single Action Army SAA .45 Revolver Artillery-Style 1878 Antique

SOLD FOR: $2575

LSB#: 220929JB016

Make: Colt

Model: Single Action Army, 1st Generation

Serial Number: 41745

Year of Manufacture: 1878 (

Caliber: .45 Colt

Action Type: Single Action Revolver with Side Loading Gate Cylinder

Markings: The left side of the frame is marked “PAT. SEPT 19. 187?  / ” JULY. 2. -72. / ” JAN. 19. -75.” and with “U S”. The top of the barrel is marked “COLT’S PT. F. A. MFG. Co. HARTFORD CT. U.S.A.”. The underside of the frame at the trigger guard is marked “41745” but does not have a visible inspector’s mark, the bottom of the trigger guard is marked “92985 / G”, there are no visible markings on the backstrap. The rear of the loading gate is marked with an assembly number “2326”. The cylinder has “R.A.C.” on the rear face. The hammer slot is marked “B”. The bottom of the barrel is marked “P” and “R.A.C.”, there are no visible markings under the ejector housing.

Barrel Length: 5 1/2”

Sights / Optics: The front sight is a blade fixed to the barrel. The rear sight is a “V”-notch at the rear of a groove in the topstrap.

Stock Configuration & Condition: The grip is one piece smooth walnut. The grip has moderate wear with some scattered nicks and dings, most notable on the bottom. There are losses at the bottom-front corner on each side. There is a crack at the top edge on the right. Overall, the grip is in Good condition as refinished Antique.

Type of Finish: No finish remains.

Finish Originality: The surfaces have been polished bright.

Bore Condition: The bore is gray with worn, but visible rifling. There is light-moderate erosion and pitting scattered through the bore.

Overall Condition: This revolver retains about 0% of its metal finish. The surfaces have been polished bright. Some are starting to show discoloration from oxidation and there is scattered erosion which has been scrubbed out. There are some light nicks and scratches. The action shows operational wear. The screw heads are tool marked with usable slots. Remaining markings range from clear to worn and incomplete. Overall, this revolver is in Fair-Good condition as Antique.

Mechanics: The cylinder has a tendency to over-rotate. Otherwise, the action functions correctly. The cylinder locks with light play on each chamber. The trigger is crisp. We have not fired this revolver. As with all used firearms, a thorough cleaning may be necessary to meet your maintenance standards.

Box, Paperwork & Accessories: None.

Our Assessment: This revolver started out life in 1878 as a Model 1873 Cavalry revolver and likely saw some use in the Indian Wars of the late 19th Century. It has since been assembled as an “Artillery Model”. Between 1900 and 1903, Colt altered and refinished 5,444 revolvers into “Artillery” models (5 ½” barrel). Per Kopec and Fenn, “A single Artillery revolver often will have parts from three or four different Cavalry revolvers”. The “Artillery” moniker is a collector’s term, as the modified revolvers were most notable for their issue to U.S. Artillery units in the Spanish-American war.

While this revolver’s mixed numbered parts may well have gone through this conversion process, it has since been polished bright, removing some markings and the ejector tab has been replaced. While not all inspection markings are present, it is still fairly likely that other components used to assemble this “Artillery Model” came from genuine U.S. issued revolvers. This revolver must have a very interesting history, if only it could be told. All of the Colt 1st Generation revolvers are heavily collected, and this example has quite an interesting mix of parts, so it could serve as a source of parts for other SAAs as well as displaying well as an “Artillery”. Please see our photos and good luck!

Colt 1873 Single Action Army SAA .45 Revolver Artillery-Style 1878 Antique
Colt 1873 Single Action Army SAA .45 Revolver Artillery-Style 1878 Antique