Massachusetts Arms Co Civil War Maynard 1863 2nd Model Carbine 50 Cal Rifle

SOLD FOR: $1525

LSB#: 210527BB14

Make: Massachusetts Arms Company

Model: Maynard Patent Carbine, 2nd Model (Model 1863)

Serial Number: 8019

Year of Manufacture: Ca. 1863-1864 (A total of 20202 carbines were produced between 1863 and 1865).

Caliber: .50 Caliber Percussion

Action Type: Single Shot Percussion Breechloading Rifle with Lever Operated Break-Open Action

Markings: The left side of the receiver is marked “EDWARD MAYNARD / PATENTEE / MAY 27. 1851. / DEC. 6. 1859.”. The right side of the receiver is marked “MANUFACTURED B Y / MASS. ARMS CO. / CHICOPEE FALLS.”. The lower tang is marked “8019”. The left side of the barrel at the receiver is marked “G.W.S”. The left side of the wrist has one horizontal “AJN” and one vertical “JM” in box cartouche. The top tang on the buttplate in front of the mounting screw and the rear base of the sling bar are marked “S”. The left side of the rear sight base is marked “N”.

Barrel Length: 20”

Sights / Optics: The front sight is a blade dovetailed into the front of the barrel. The rear sight is a folding leaf sight that is dovetailed into the octagon portion of the barrel. There are three leaves, each with a “U” notch in the top edge. The rear leaf and the center leaf pivot together and are set at 90 degrees from each other. The front leaf can be pivoted up or down once the middle leaf is raised. The rear face of the short leaf is marked “1”, the middle leaf is marked “3” and the front leaf is marked “5”.

Stock Configuration & Condition: The stock is one-piece smooth walnut with straight wrist and steel semi-crescent buttplate. The stock has scattered nicks, dings and scratches. There is light material loss at the top front edge of the right side of the wrist. There are a few light gashes on the right side. The LOP measures 14 5/8″ from the front of the trigger to the back of the buttplate. The plate shows a mottled patina with scattered light pitting. Overall, the stock is in about Very Good condition as Antique. 

Type of Finish: Blue & Case Color

Finish Originality: Original

Bore Condition: The bore is mostly-bright with well defined three-groove rifling. There is light erosion nearer the muzzle.

Overall Condition: This rifle retains about 40% of its metal finish. The finish is thinning at all edges. The barrel shows a light mottled patina throughout with scattered faint newer surface oxidation. The receiver’s case color has mostly muted with remaining color in protected areas such as the water table. The receiver has scattered light surface oxidation. The hammer has blue finish mottled with light pitting. The nipple has light erosion on the exterior, the flash-hole is unobstructed and the mouth of the nipple shows minor wear. The screw heads range from sharp to tool marked with strong slots. The markings are clear. Overall, this rifle is in about Very Good-Fine condition as Antique.

Mechanics: The action functions correctly and the barrel lockup is solid. The nipple is clear and not deformed. We have not fired this rifle. As with all used firearms, a thorough cleaning may be necessary to meet your maintenance standards.

Box, Paperwork & Accessories: Included in the breech is an antique cartridge this rifle fired.

Our Assessment: The Maynard Patent Carbines used during the Civil War were designed by Dr. Edward Maynard, a dentist, who was best known for his invention of a mechanical priming system used in several different rifles and carbines, one of the first being the U.S. Model 1855 rifle. Many older rifles were also modified to use this system. The Maynard Patent Carbines were made by the Massachusetts Arms Company. The first model was made with the Maynard priming system and were sold to the U.S. Army and Navy in .50 caliber, and were also used by the Internal Revenue Service. The Massachusetts Arms Co. had a stock of carbines for commercial sale in various calibers and were eager to dispose of their inventory in the months just preceding the hostilities, with the Confederate states buying .35 and .50 caliber carbines. The second model, also known as the Model 1863, omitted the Maynard priming system to increase production rates, and was sold primarily to the U.S. Army in .50 caliber. About 20,202 were made, and were used by the 9th and 11th Indiana and the 11th Tennessee cavalry regiments, in addition to others. This is a 2nd Model carbine, with one “JM” cartouche and one “AJM” cartouche on the left side of the wrist signifying U.S. Army acceptance. The rifle is in about Very Good-Fine condition as Antique with about 40% of its original finish remaining. The bore is pretty darned good for a 160-year-old black powder rifle. The action functions correctly and the barrel lockup is solid. This is a very interesting rifle, and like all breech-loading carbines of the time, played an important part in the Civil War. With only 20,202 being made and far fewer having survived the war, this carbine is rare today. This will be a great addition to any collection of Civil War carbines and deserves a spot next to all of the other single-shot breech-loading carbines used in the war. Please see our photos and good luck!

Massachusetts Arms Co Civil War Maynard 1863 2nd Model Carbine 50 Cal Rifle
Massachusetts Arms Co Civil War Maynard 1863 2nd Model Carbine 50 Cal Rifle