Burnside 4th/5th Model Carbine 54 Cal Civil War Breech-Loading Rifle 1862-5

Sold For: $1,076

LSB#: 200820MS13

Make: Burnside Rifle Co. of Providence, Rhode Island

Model: 4th/5th Model Carbine (see Markings, Our Assessment)

Serial Number: 21302

Year of Manufacture: 1862-1865

Caliber: .54 Caliber Self Contained Belted Brass Cartridge

Action Type: Single Shot, Rotating Block, Breech Loaded Percussion Rifle.

Markings: The lock plate is marked “BURNSIDE RIFLE CO. / PROVIDENCE RI”, the left of the lever release latch is marked “S”, the left of the breech block is marked “S”. The top of the receiver is marked “BURNSIDE PATENT / MARCH 25TH 1856” over the serial number, which is found again on the top of the breech-block, the top of the front lever-link and the bottom of the barrel, under the forend. The top of the barrel is marked “???STEEL 1862”. The rear sling swivel base is marked “D”, the sling bar is marked “S”. The left of the frame has “S” inspection mark. The left of the rear sight base is marked “H”. The left of the wrist has “EMD” in box cartouche.

Barrel Length: 21”

Sights / Optics: The front sight is a blade dovetailed to the front of the barrel. The rear sight presents a “V” notch in the down position and when flipped up gives a “V” notched sight for 300 yards, the base is set to the barrel by the breech. The sight would have originally had an additional 500 yard notch on the longer arm, and appears to have broken off.

Stock Configuration & Condition: The stocks are two-piece smooth walnut with banded forend, straight grip, straight comb, steel crescent buttplate and a sling swivel in the belly (there is also a sling-bar on the left of the receiver). The stocks have many scattered nicks, dings, bruises, scrapes and scratches. There are some scattered losses at edges, most notable on the right of the forend in front of the barrel band. The LOP measures 12 7/8″ from the front of the trigger to the back of the buttplate. The plate has gone to a light patina with scattered spots of erosion and wear at the heel and toe. Overall, the stocks are in about Good-plus condition as Antique

Type of Finish: The finish was originally blued and case color, but little finish remains.

Finish Originality: The surfaces have been cleaned but the remaining finish is original.

Bore Condition: The bore is gray with well defined rifling. There is light-moderate erosion scattered through the bore with some light pitting.

Overall Condition: This rifle retains about 10% of its metal finish found only on protected surfaces, such as under the forend or on the interior portions of the lever assembly. Most surfaces are worn to white or gone to a light patina. There is scattered light surface oxidation and infrequent minor erosion. There are some scattered light nicks and scratches. The screw heads range from sharp to tool marked with strong slots. Most markings are clear, the cast steel barrel marking is worn. Overall, this rifle is in about Good condition as Antique (see Mechanics).

Mechanics: The guide-screw for the breech-block appears to be worn and not properly inserted in the guide slot on the right of the block. Otherwise, the action functions correctly. We have not fired this rifle. As with all previously owned firearms, a thorough cleaning may be necessary to meet your maintenance standards.

Box, Paperwork & Accessories: None.

Our Assessment: The Burnside Carbines are known as the ‘Best carbines of the Civil War’, made by the worst general of the Civil War, General Ambrose Everett Burnside, whose facial hair became a more positive trait than his aptitude for warfare. Regardless, this rifle evolved from a patent date in 1856 and is surely impressive in combat, enough so that 43 Union Cavalry units were equipped with them. Instead of a muzzle loaded process, these carbines could reload in a few seconds, even on horseback. The evolution of cartridge firing breech loaded rifles never stopped even after the Civil War. This example’s breech marking and lever assembly would indicate it is a 4th model, but it has the guide-screw on the side of the receiver which is characteristic of the 5th model. The 5th model started a new serial range, so the serial number could be from either range. Either way, the rifle survives with a decent bore and good mechanics apart from the guide screw being worn. Once replaced, it should function perfectly. The serial numbers are matching on the receiver, barrel, breech-block and lever assembly. It should make a nice addition to a Civil War arms collection. Please see our photos and good luck!

CA Legal or CA Private Party Transferable (THIS SECTION DOES NOT APPLY TO OUT OF STATE RESIDENTS): We will ship this Antique direct in California as the ammunition for it is obsolete and no longer commercially available in the United States. Out of state residents can disregard this section – your local laws apply.

Burnside 4th/5th Model Carbine 54 Cal Civil War Breech-Loading Rifle 1862-5
Burnside 4th/5th Model Carbine 54 Cal Civil War Breech-Loading Rifle 1862-5