Whitney-Kennedy Carbine .44-40 WCF 24″ Lever-Action Repeating Rifle Antique

SOLD FOR: $1781

LSB#: 220316CA152

Make: Whitney Arms Co.

Model: Whitney-Kennedy Lever Action Repeater (also known as the Whitney-Kennedy-Teising), Sporting Rifle variant

Serial#: B494

Year of Manufacture: Circa 1879-1883, Antique

Caliber: .44-40 Winchester Centerfire

Action Type: Lever-Action Repeating Rifle with a Tubular Magazine

Markings: The top of the barrel is marked “WHITNEYVILLE ARMORY, CT. U.S.A.” and “KENNEDY” ahead of the rear sight and “44 CAL C.F.” The top tang is marked “PAT’D JANY. 7-73. / AP’L 1. (2) MAY 13. & AUG. 12-79.” (the January 7th, 1873 and April 1st, 1879 patents were held by Andrew Burgess, the May 13th, 1879 patent was held by Samual V. Kennedy and the August 12th, 1879 joint patent of Samual V. Kennedy and Frank W. Tiesing). The bottom tang features the serial number “B494”.  The left side of the lever is marked “494”. The portion of the frame where the hammer rests is marked “C”.

Barrel Length: 24”, Octagonal

Sights/ Optics: The front sight is a brass blade fixed by the muzzle. The rear sight is a “V”-notch leaf dovetailed over an elevator.

Stock Configuration & Condition/ Grip: The stock is two-piece wood featuring a forend with a metal cap, a slot in the forend for the tubular magazine, a straight wrist, a straight comb and a metal butt-plate with a storage container. The stocks have light-moderate handling marks, nicks and scuffs. Notably, there is a small chip at the woodline on the rear left portion of the forend, a small chip at the front left portion of the top-tang, a light crack at the tip of the bottom tang, a light crack at the tip of the top-tang, scattered light nicks and scuffs on the butt and a small patch of white discoloration on the right side of the wrist and a gap between the wood and butt-plate at the toe. The LOP is 12.75” from the trigger to the rear of the butt-plate. The butt-plate is coated in light-moderate surface oxidation and has some light handling marks. Notably, the storage compartments brass cover is tarnished and coated in light surface oxidation. Overall, the stocks are in Very Good condition for Antiques.

Type of Finish: Blue and Case Color

Finish Originality: Original

Bore Condition: The bore is grey and has mostly sharp rifling. There is scattered light-moderate erosion concentrated in the grooves and some scattered light pitting.

Overall Condition: The rifle retains about 5% of its metal finish. The rifle is coated in oxidation and has taken a patina color. There are scattered light to moderate handling marks, nicks and scuffs on the gun’s metal surfaces. There is light wear along the leading edges,  scattered light nicks and scratches on the frame, a few scattered nicks around the front sight and some light pitting between the rear sight and receiver. Also, there is scattered light wear on the dust-cover, some light wear on the hammer and there is some light wear at the front of the tubular magazine under the muzzle. The markings remain clear. The screwheads are lightly tooled and remain serviceable. Overall, the rifle is in Very Good condition for an Antique.

Mechanics: The action functions correctly. We have not fired this rifle. As with all used firearms, a thorough cleaning may be necessary to meet your maintenance requirements.

Box Paperwork and Accessories: None.

Our Assessment: Whitney Arms Co. was a firearms manufacturer established by the famous inventor Eli Whitney at the end of the 18th century (he is most famous for the Cotton Gin). The company primarily made martial arms for the U.S. Government during its early years before Whitney passed away in 1825. His one son, Eli Whitney Jr., was only four years of age at the time, and the management of his arms factory was taken over by his sisters’ two sons Philos and Eli Whitney Blake until his son was old enough to take an active role in the family business. Following his graduation from Princeton in 1841, Whitney Jr. went to assume control of his father’s armory. When his father had initially established the business, government contracts were the most profitable avenue for an arms company, but by the time Whitney Jr. assumed control the situation had changed and a robust commercial market for firearms had emerged fueled by the Westward Expansion and urban middle class. While Whitney Jr. would still make arms for the government, he also manufactured a variety of arms on the commercial market.

This particular specimen is a Whitney Kennedy-Tiesing Lever Action Repeating Carbine. The gun is a redesigned version of the Model 1878 Burgess Repeater which was redesigned by Samual V. Kennedy and Frank W. Tiesing which was designed to chamber the .44-40 Winchester Center Fire cartridge (a popular round at the time). The gun incorporates both Andrew Burgess’ patents (who designed the Burgess Repeater) in addition to a patent held by Kennedy and a joint patent held by Kennedy and Tiesing. The gun has the serpentine or “S” shaped lever of the early production carbines made until mid-1883 (the gun was discontinued in 1886). This is a sporting variant of the iconic design and not one of the few sold to several Latin American countries for military service. The gun has wear consistent with an Antique firearm, but it remains markedly well preserved. This is a great option for fans of historical firearms. Good luck on your bid!

Whitney-Kennedy Carbine .44-40 WCF 24" Lever-Action Repeating Rifle Antique
Whitney-Kennedy Carbine .44-40 WCF 24″ Lever-Action Repeating Rifle Antique